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Abid Ali Awan/

Bagging in Machine Learning

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Dataset

The telecom customer churn dataset comes from an Iranian telecom company, with each row representing a customer over a year period. Along with a churn label, there is information on the customers' activity, such as call failures and subscription length.

import pandas as pd

customer = pd.read_csv("data/customer_churn.csv")
customer.head()
customer.Churn.value_counts()
X = customer.drop("Churn", axis=1) # Independent variables
y = customer.Churn # Dependent variable

Training a machine learning model

# Split into train and test 
from sklearn.model_selection import train_test_split, cross_val_score
X_train, X_test, y_train, y_test = train_test_split(X, y, test_size=0.3, random_state=1)

# Train a machine learning model
from sklearn.tree import DecisionTreeClassifier
from sklearn.preprocessing import StandardScaler
from sklearn.pipeline import Pipeline

pipeline = Pipeline([
    ('scaler', StandardScaler()),
    ('classifier', DecisionTreeClassifier(random_state=42))
])

pipeline.fit(X_train, y_train)

Model Evaluation

from sklearn.metrics import classification_report

# Make prediction on the testing data
y_pred = pipeline.predict(X_test)

# Classification Report
print(classification_report(y_pred, y_test))
# Evaluate the classifier using cross-validation
cv_scores = cross_val_score(pipeline, X, y, cv=5)

print(f"Cross-validation scores: {cv_scores}")
print(f"Mean CV accuracy: {np.mean(cv_scores):.2f}")

Bagging

from sklearn.ensemble import BaggingClassifier

# Create a bagging classifier with the best decision tree found by grid search
bagging_classifier = BaggingClassifier(base_estimator=pipeline, n_estimators=50, random_state=42)

# Train the bagging classifier on the training data
bagging_classifier.fit(X_train, y_train)

Evaluating Ensemble Model

# Make prediction on the testing data
y_pred = bagging_classifier.predict(X_test)

# Classification Report
print(classification_report(y_pred, y_test))
# Evaluate the classifier using cross-validation
cv_scores = cross_val_score(bagging_classifier, X, y, cv=5)

print(f"Cross-validation scores: {cv_scores}")
print(f"Mean CV accuracy: {np.mean(cv_scores):.2f}")
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